MMJ Commentaries

Study: Enactment of Medical Cannabis Laws Associated with Reduced Opioid Reliance

Thursday, 24 October 2019

Miami, FL: The enactment of medical cannabis access legislation is associated with lower rates of self-reported opioid use, according to data published in the International Journal of Drug Policy.A team of researchers affiliated with Florida International University in Miami assessed the relationship between medical cannabis legalization and self-reported opioid use and misuse.Authors reported, "[S]urvey respondents living in states with medical cannabis legislation are much less apt to report using opioid analgesics than [are] people living in states without such laws," even after controlling for potential confounding variables. They also determined that medicalization did not promote any increase in opioid misuse.Investigators concluded: "[T]he present study found that in MML (medical marijuana legalization) states some displacement is occurring away from opioids toward medicinal cannabis. ... [M]edicinal cannabis may be one avenue to combat the consequences of the opioid epidemic without amplifying, beyond perhaps recreational cannabis, further illicit drug use. The association between cannabis and opioid use, however, demands further empirical scrutiny to establish causal order amidst less restrictive environments toward cannabis."The findings are similar to correlations identified in several prior observational studies but are inconsistent with the conclusions of a paper published earlier this year which failed to identify a long-term association between medical cannabis access and opioid-related mortality.Full text of the study, "The effect of cannabis laws on opioid use," appears in the International Journal of Drug Policy. Additional information is available from the NORML fact-sheet, 'Relationship Between Marijuana and Opioids.'

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                  Terpenes: Living in the Shadow of THC and CBD 

There’s no doubt that the rise of the Internet has allowed the amount of information available concerning the cannabis plant to grow exponentially. And not only has the amount of information grown, accessing that information is easier than ever.Twenty years ago, most people who consumed cannabis could tell you very little about it. They couldn’t tell you about cannabinoids or why their marijuana smelled and tasted the way it did. Most cannabis had no strain name and, if it did, it was probably just something the dealer made up. If it looked good and smelled good and made you fee l good, then it was “good weed”.If pressed, most cannabis consumers back then could have identified THC with marijuana, but that was about it. They would likely have no idea what CBD was, and certainly few would know what terpenes are.Even as CBD (cannabidiol) has gotten a bump in the last few years when it comes to awareness among the cannabis community, terpenes have remained in the shadows of their more well-known fellow cannabis compounds.While certain compounds are exclusive to the cannabis plant, terpenes are something that can be found in many plants. From Wikipedia:Terpenes (/ˈtɜːrpiːn/) are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects. They often have a strong odor and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores and by attracting predators and parasites of herbivores.When talking about cannabis, terpenes are what give each strain and variety their flavor and odor. If you’ve consumed marijuana by smoking or vaporizing it, you most likely got an image or memory in your head of a particularly flavorful and pungent strain when you read that last sentence. We’ve all had that weed that you can smell before you see it and has a taste that is hard to describe because of its strength and the effect it produces when inhaled.According to Leafly, “Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition. In other words, a strain like Cheese and its descendants will likely have a discernible cheese-like smell, and Blueberry offspring often inherit the smell of berries.”When thinking about terps in weed, it’s important to realize that you are really talking about the essence of the strain in question. To be sure, how a strain affects someone is important, but that comes after the strain has been selected and consumed. The first impression every consumer gets of a strain is the smell, then the taste. They are the front of the store. They are that first sentence spoken to someone you just met.Terpenes are the window to the soul of a strain, to use a way-too-hyperbolic turn of phrase.

This is my first review on a product that has helped me with evening pain and comes in a tin of small gummy squares of 4.5% mg. CBD & 0.5% mg. THC. Made with love in California by Plus Products. Here is a quote from their gummies - Plus webpage:

CBD Relief


90mg CBD, 10MG THC per tin

"When you need relief with fewer psychoactive effects, our CBD Relief gummies are a tropical mango flavor escape. Made with 4.5mg of cannabis derived CBD and 0.5mg THC per piece, each tiny square is low dosed and perfectly balanced with a deliberate blend of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. These gummies are low-calorie, gluten-free, and made with kosher ingredients, delivering you relief anytime and anywhere." I live in California and can order them from I find these mango flavored gummies perfect for better sleep because I have less pain to deal with. I even make fewer trips to the bathroom to urinate because of my BPH. I have no groggy side effects in the morning from taking one before I sleep at night. Mangoes are my favorite fruit and help me stay regular because they act a purgative along with dried prunes. I like dropping a dried unsweetened prune in my hot tea for sweetening it. This new Mango gummy is perfect in the evenings before bed to relax with a cup of hot herbal tea. They come in reusable tins which is great for the environment. Happy dreaming with CBD Relief! Because this product contains more than 0.03% it is considered a Cannabis product. Industrial Hemp derived CBD products are legal throughout the U.S.A. and its Territories. Full spectrum CBD and THC work synergistically together for the maximum benefit.


 The key to experiencing this array of flavors, aromas, and effects in cannabis is       understanding the boiling points of these myriad compounds.

For decades, the main attraction in cannabis was its most famous psychoactive compound, THC. But the recent and rapid evolution of the cannabis industry has fueled a growing awareness that THC is just one of many biochemicals that make cannabis special.

“What’s become clear in the last few years is that many of the effects we attribute to cannabis are not only from cannabinoids like THC and CBD, but from the way they work in concert with compounds like terpenes,” says Cameron Hattan, lead grower of the California cannabis company Fiddler’s Greens.

That’s why today’s savvy cannabis consumers are paying more attention to other aspects of the plant. Visitors to dispensaries take their time in-store and online examining terpene profiles, exploring the more than 85 cannabinoids found in the plant, and trying to experience every flavor the flower has to offer. Rather than simply seeking the flat psychoactivity of THC, they’re seeking more nuanced results associated with cannabis, such as the creativity, stress relief, and anti-depressant qualities influenced by these other compounds. Many are also seeking the best way to appreciate the spice of caryophyllene, the citrus taste of limonene, the evergreen notes of pinene, and the rest of the complex flavors cannabis can present.